Diseases prevention

Water is essential for you organism, and it is extremely important to know the quality and how much safe is the water you drink.

The 80 % of the diseases transmitted by food –water among them- are originated at home, at restaurants or at delicatessens, so it is important to adopt safety practices such as washing your hands after going to the bathroom, washing your food with safety water, and taking care of the water you drink.


Non-typhoid Salmonella:

It may be contracted by unpasteurized milk, meats and eggs.


  • Nausea and vomits
  • Abdominal Pain
  • Diarrhoea with blood
  • Fever
  • The symptoms ease in about a week

Typhoid Salmonella:


  • High fever, physical discomfort, loss of appetite
  • Cough
  • Fever for over two weeks

​During a second stage:

  • diarrhoea
  • Abdominal Pain
  • Rash


  • Check the water you drink
  • Wash your hands with antiseptics
  • Salmonella Thypi vaccine

Escherichia coli 0.157.H7

Sources of the outbreak:

  • Poorly cooked meats
  • Polluted waters


  • Diarrhoea with blood for 3 or 4 days long

From one to two weeks later:

  • Paleness due to red blood cells destruction
  • Haemorrhages due to platelet destruction and consumption
  • Petechiae (small skin spots due to little haemorrhages)
  • Decrease of diuresis by renal failure
  • Convulsions

Traveller’s diarrhoea


It affects 50% of Latin-American and African tourists.

Kids are in greater risk due to:

  • Bad hygienic habits (share glasses, take everything to their mouths).
  • Immunological immaturity
  • Greater risk of dehydration


  • Well cooked food
  • Pealed fruit
  • Boiled or purified water
  • Avoid ice consumption
  • Avoid raw food or food bought from the street
  • Wash your hands correctly before preparing food


Produced by the bacteria: Vibrio Cholerae
The first choleraic outbreak was in Peru, where millions of detected cases spread out all over the world.


  • Incubation period from 6 hours to 5 days
  • Diarrhoea with mortal outcome in 2 or 3 hours
  • Vomits, cramps

Hepatitis A

Infectious = liver inflammation

Contagion: trough the consumption of polluted waters or raw food. The risk is greater in children who are in nursery schools or infants’ schools.


  • During the first two weeks the symptoms are non-specifics.
  • Two weeks later it is observed a yellowish colouring on skin and mucus.
  • White stools and dark urine



Water loss in the body.


  • Diarrhoea due to consumption of polluted water or food.


  • Extreme thirst and urine reduction
  • Sleepiness or irritability due to lack of oxygen to the brain
  • Tachycardia
  • Dry skin, lips and mucus